Unfortunately the only way to install it seems to be from source but, while that's not usually a problem, I've read somewhere I can't find it anymore that I'd have to remove xfwm4 4. Also I tried looking something up on askubuntu but only got this question, upgrade xfce4 applications to the latest versionsthat doesn't solve my "problem". So the question is: is there a step-by-step guide or ppa that can ease the installation process?
I know that arch has xfwm4-git in the aur but I can't seem yo find anything similar for Ubuntu. Thank you in advance for any help. As mentioned by DK Bosexfwm This might not be the bleeding edge release but allows for an easier install. Note that this release might be unstable and possibly unusable.
And since ubuntu uses the same packaging system apt as debian, one can add that to their sources and it would work. This is however not recommended as the precompiled packages present in experimental would cause conflicts with the current versions of the packages in the ubuntu repositories, hence it's best to use apt 's build-from-source features to get only xfwm4 and it's dependencies. Ubuntu Community Ask! Sign up to join this community.
The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Install xfwm4 4. Asked 1 year, 9 months ago. Active 1 year, 9 months ago. Viewed 2k times. Did you look at launchpad.
Active Oldest Votes. Ok, so just to be clear, if I wanted to follow the first method I'd have to remove xfwm4 first and then add the ppa and reinstall it?
Or can I just add the ppa and install it directly?The Advanced Package Tool APT is how programs, libraries, documentation, and even the kernel itself are installed and managed on Kali and other Debian-based derivatives.
For most standard users, making use of APT this way is perfectly normal but we like to think that people who use Kali Linux are not standard users in a good way and so we are devoting this post to telling how you to get better use of APT and how to take advantage of the wide ecosystem of packages that are available, while keeping your Kali system stable and happy. Many people will tell you that you should not rely on a package manager at all and instead, you should compile everything from scratch because you will learn more that way.
APT is very powerful and will evaluate the available packages from all sources as a whole when it formulates its solutions. For each new package repository you add to your system, create a new file with a descriptive name like debian-unstable. By leaving the original sources. In this post, we are going to add the Kali Bleeding-Edge repository and the Debian Unstable and Experimental repositories.
The kali-bleeding-edge repository contains a number of tools that are very popular and change very frequently even daily. It would be impractical and time-consuming to manually create and test updated packages so the packages in this repository are generated automatically whenever the upstream source changes. On the positive side, it means you are never more than 24 hours behind the upstream project but on the downside, these packages are not tested so you need to be aware that the packages in this repository may break from time to time.
You can add the repo and update the list of available packages as follows. To install a package from kali-bleeding-edge, you need to append the repository name to the package name:. Fortunately, APT makes it an easy to downgrade back to the kali-rolling version of a particular package at any time, so there is no need to fear the packages in the kali-bleeding-edge repository.
If you find that a package is broken in kali-bleeding-edge, you can revert back to the kali-rolling version in the same manner:. For even more recent software, there is the Debian Unstable distribution, which is a rolling development version of Debian, containing the most recent packages.
When you encounter a bug in a Debian package, there might be a fixed version in the Debian Unstable repository so it is a good idea to add it to your Kali system. As with kali-bleeding-edge, the packages in Unstable may break from time to time. Debian Experimental is yet another repository that contains packages that are under development.
Advanced Package Management in Kali Linux
The packages in this repository are very current but can also be very buggy, more so than kali-bleeding-edge or Debian Unstable. As with the kali-bleeding-edge packages, if you want to install packages from unstable or experimental, append the repository name to the end of the package name as shown below. In order to determine what packages get installed, APT has priorities assigned for all package sources, with the highest priority number taking precedence.
A package with a priority of 0 will never be installed and a package with a priority over will always be installed, even if it means downgrading the package. This is all well and good for APT but how can you, the user, see what the priority is of a given package? You will note that kali-rolling, as the default distribution, has the highest priority atmeaning its packages take precedence over all others which is what you want as a Kali userfollowed by Debian unstable atkali-bleeding-edge atand lastly, experimental, with a lowly priority of 1.
To see how these priorities apply to a given package, take a look at sqlmap. Even though the version of sqlmap in kali-bleeding-edge is newer, it will not be installed because it only has a priority ofversus the installed version, which has a priority of It is for this reason that when you want to install a package from a different package repository, it needs to be requested explicitly.
More often than not, you will find yourself accepting the default, making these interruptions wasteful.
This line tells APT to try to choose by itself if the files have not changed —force-confdef and if the files are different, keep the existing version —force-confold.
Occasionally, you will find some application that needs a specific version of a particular package and will not work with any other. Other times, an update to one package might adversely affect other tools.
It only takes a minute to sign up. FWIW, wget works normally as well as any other way to get big files. Even git pull works. Have no idea why I have issues. There doesn't seem to be a way to have it more verbose so we know what the issue is. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.
Asked 1 year ago. Active 1 year ago. Viewed 1k times. Done Building dependency tree Reading state information Done 8 packages can be upgraded. Run 'apt list --upgradable' to see them.
They have been ignored, or old ones used instead. Seems like the issue I just asked a question about. If that doesn't work, try tracepath debug.
List of sections in "experimental"
Active Oldest Votes. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password.All packages that are included in the official Debian distribution are free according to the Debian Free Software Guidelines. This assures free use and redistribution of the packages and their complete source code.
The official Debian distribution is what is contained in the main section of the Debian archive. As a service to our users, we also provide packages in separate sections that cannot be included in the main distribution due to either a restrictive license or legal issues.
They include:. Note that same packages might appear in several distributions, but with different version numbers. This is the latest official release of the Debian distribution.
This is stable and well tested software, which changes only if major security or usability fixes are incorporated. This area contains packages that are intended to become part of the next stable distribution. There are strict criteria a package in unstable see below must obey before it can be added to testing.
Note that testing does not get the timely security updates from the security team. This area contains the most recent packages in Debian. Once a package has met our criterion for stability and quality of packaging, it will be included in testing. Packages in unstable are the least tested and may contain problems severe enough to affect the stability of your system.
Only experienced users should consider using this distribution. See the unstable distribution pages for more information. This search engine allows you to search the contents of Debian distributions for any files or just parts of file names that are part of packages. You can also get a full list of files in a given package. To report a problem with the web site, please e-mail our publicly archived mailing list debian-www lists.
For other contact information, see the Debian contact page. Web site source code is available.
OpenOCD snapshot uploaded to Debian experimental
Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I was able to install it quite easily on my mac as homebrew had a formula for it.
However I cannot seem to find a way to install it on Linux. But I imagine installing it this way might lead to a few potential problems down the road when I wish to update these packages.
Is there a source I'm missing? Or is there maybe a place where I can download and compile everything I need to get it running? I'm guessing this is, as you said, a problem with me being on Debian stable? What would I need to do in order to fix this error, while remaining on stable? Edit 2: Okay, so I figured out that last error. I just had to add go through for every individual dependency that gave my trouble and install it using apt-get install -t testing.
Thank you to everyone who replied. You were all very helpful. You may want to learn about what makes different Linux distros different. In particular, what a rolling distribution is, and how Debian releases work.
In a rolling distribution, all of the packages continually get updated to newer versions. Debian 8. The packages versions are frozen and only updated when necessary, for extra stability. The latest version of GCC on Debian 8.
Debian 9. If you switch your computer to Stretch you will get GCC 6. However, GCC 7 is only available in experimental because it hasn't been released yet. You can install a single package from experimental if you like, see Debian Experimental for instructions.
You should name the file something like preferences or testingpref,etc. If you have a preferences file, you can add it there. Remove the. Thus it will receive updates and more-easily reversable.
The experimental repository
You need to use -t testing to get most recent versions. You may have dependency issues. It may be in experimental instead of testing for your architecture. Similar to above. Then, as root, run the following command. Learn more. Asked 3 years, 3 months ago.
Active 1 year, 1 month ago. Viewed 18k times. Thank you for your help.Usually, the distribution will stick with a single release for more than a year at a time.Debian 11 Alpha 1 Gnome Run Through
The Debian upgrade process is painless and relatively quick. Each version of the OS has a codename and a release branch. Codenames are nicknames that the Debian development team gives out as a unique identifier for each version of the OS.
On Debian, there are about four separate release branches. These branches are labeled Stable, Testing, Unstable, and Experimental. Doing this allows the system to start the conversion from the old version to the new version. On Debian, the apt sources are your best friend.
To edit it, open up a new terminal window and switch from your user to the root user. Switch to root by executing the su command. Launch the sources file with the Nano text editing tool. These repositories are how your Debian PC regularly accesses updates and installs software. While it might be annoying to have to remove links to software you need, doing this is a good idea, as you have no idea if the new version supports it yet.
These third-party software sources can always be re-added after the fact. After running the update, Debian will have replaced all software available to you from Stable to Buster. Replacing the software sources is the first step before running the final upgrade. Clean everything by running the autoremove and clean commands. Running autoclean and autoremove will uninstall orphaned packages on your system and clean up the package cache. Upgrading to a new release of Debian requires two separate commands.
Upgrade and dist-upgrade. The dist-upgrade command will change your current release of Debian to the new Buster release. The dist-upgrade command takes a while, but when it finishes your upgrade is complete. To finish up, restart your Debian Linux PC and re-login. Your email address will not be published. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.
Learn how your comment data is processed. Home Linux. We are reader supported and may earn a commission when you buy through links on our site. Learn more. Get daily tips in your inbox. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.This page contains information on the current and past archive signing keys.
The release files are signed by an automatic archive signing key in order to allow verification that software being downloaded has not been interfered with. Please note that the details here are for information only, you should not rely on them and use other ways to verify them. Stable releases are signed by both the ftp-master automatic archive signing key in use at the time of the release, and a per-release stable key. Release files for other releases proposed-updates, testing, testing-proposed-updates, unstable and experimental are signed only by the ftp-master automatic key.
The current procedure is that there is one ftp-master key per release former procedure introduced a new key once per year. The following retired and in most cases expired keys are available. Note that these keys are no longer in use and are listed here for reference purposes only :.
When the archive key is to be replaced, a new key will be generated by one of the ftpmasters. This key will then be signed by that ftpmaster and other ftpmasters and members of the ftpteam including verification by phone call of the fingerprint and other details of the key to be signed. Once the new key is prepared, it will be placed on this page, put into the relevant archive packages and announced to debian-devel-announce well in advance of being used.
The ftp masters at the time of the key generation are designated revokers and can revoke the key if required. After the creation of the archive key, the secret part of it will be backed up in one additional way.
The program gfshare package libgfshare-bin a Shamir's secret sharing scheme implementation is used to produce 5 shares of which 3 are needed to recover the secret key. Archive Signing Keys. Main FTP Page. Which release should be signed with which key? The security archive is signed by the ftp-master key only. Key Replacement Procedure When the archive key is to be replaced, a new key will be generated by one of the ftpmasters. Key Revocation Procedure The ftp masters at the time of the key generation are designated revokers and can revoke the key if required.